Also referred to as the “Harappan Civilization”, the Indus Valley Civilization is one of the oldest human civilizations on this planet. Built across the banks of the Indus River in Asia, this age-old civilization rose up to become the most famous, historic human civilization out there. besides Egyptian and Mesopotamian Civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization is the most researched and studied civilization in the world.
If you have a keen interest in history, then you can read about some of the interesting facts & information about the Indus Valley Civilization. Here are some of them:
- The ancient civilization of the Indus Valley belonged to the era of the bronze age. Existing about 1000 years ago, the Indus Valley Civilization ran from about 2500 BC to 1500 BC.
- The Indus Valley Civilization was very vast. It spread across a sprawling area of around 1,260,000 square kilometers. The borders of the civilization extended from the Makran coast in Balochistan towards the western region to the Ghaggar-Hakra River beds towards the east; from Daimabad in Maharashtra towards the south to Afghanistan in North-eastern provinces. Amongst all other civilizations, it is one of the largest ancient civilization.
- The people who lived during the time of the Indus Valley Civilization have been known to possess excellent engineering skills. For instance, the people back then discovered lead, tin, copper, and various other such metals & materials. The town planning skills of the people back then was also exceptional and mind-blowing. By utilizing bricks to the construct the buildings, the natives of the given civilization also implemented excellent drainage system in houses and other buildings.
- The towns belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization had been divided into two separate zones –the upper part known as the “Citadel” and the lower part. The upper part of the towns consisted of an artificial platform and was enclosed by walls, religious & public buildings, and granaries. The lower part of the towns in the civilization had the local people living in it.
- A Great Bath structure has also been discovered in Mohenjodaro. It has been considered to be one of the earliest public water tanks that had been constructed during the ancient times. Owing to its big size, it is believed that the Great Bath was used for religious or ritual bathing.
- The major profession of the people living in the Indus Valley Civilization was farming and trading. In addition to rice, peas, barley, and wheat, the people here also cultivated dates and cotton in huge quantities. They were amongst the first human civilizations to produce cotton. Huge granaries were utilized for storing grains in the towns.
- Other additional professions including bangle-making, flint tool work, pottery and several others were also practiced by people here.
- Through several depictions, it has been revealed that people of those times worshipped birds and animals of different forms.
- There are several theories with respect to the destruction of this grand civilization. Some historians claim floods, a major drought, drying up of the river, and deforestation to be some of the major reasons behind the end of this great human civilization.